Siberian shamanistic traditions among the Kham Magar of Nepal

The Kham-Magars follow a transhumant pattern of life, maintaining permanent villages and a few fields for small scale cultivation, but travelling extensively most of the year with flocks of sheep and goats. Living relatively isolated from the mainstream of commerce and the influx of Indo-Aryan settlement, they have, as opposed to their kinsmen in the east, been only lightly touched by the influence of Hinduism. Their religious attitude is based primarily on an animistic view of nature – the view that the affairs of men are affected by spirits, and that certain men are capable of entering into communication with these spirits and serve as functionaries between man and the spirit world.

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